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How to hide/display comment indicators

Excel for Microsoft 365 has changed the way to work with comments. Now you have two different features for commenting: comments and notes.

How to create two horizontal axes on the same side

While the secondary vertical axis provides a way to display two different types of data for the one time range, the secondary horizontal axis allows you to create a chart showing two data series for different time ranges:

How to create two vertical axes on the same side

If you need to display two different data series for the one- or compatible-time ranges that have different value scales, you can add the secondary vertical axis:ß

Import a text file to an Excel spreadsheet

Often you need to import data to the Excel spreadsheet from a text file. Microsoft Excel offers a Text Import Wizard to import data from different text file formats:

Import a structured text file to an Excel spreadsheet

When you import data from a text file to the Excel spreadsheet, Microsoft Excel launches a Text Import Wizard to help you to import data correctly. Here you can import all or some data from text files of different formats:

How to remove the diamond with question mark symbol

When you paste or import data into the Excel spreadsheet, you might notice unusual symbols like a diamond with a question mark. The replacement character � (often a black diamond with a white question mark or an empty square box) represents an unknown, unrecognized, or unrepresentable character:

Three different ways for printing a selected area

Excel provides three easy ways to print chosen ranges: print the selection, define the print area in the Page Setup dialog, or create the print area. The first two methods work well for occasional printing but, if you need to print a specific range or ranges of worksheet frequently, defining one or multiple areas to print, significantly reduce the efforts. Moreover, with print areas, you can easily add new ranges to the current selection.

Protecting workbook elements

Protecting a workbook is different from protecting the Excel file with a password to prevent reading/writing or locking the spreadsheet elements to prevent editing. Workbook protection forbids other users to add, move, rename or delete worksheets and defends against viewing hidden worksheets or hiding worksheets.

Calculating the number of days between two dates

If you need to count the number of dates between two dates in Excel, you don't need to use DATEDIF and other Excel date manipulation functions. Date in Excel isn't a separate type, but a number with proper formatting. The integer part of this number represents days since the fixed moment for all dates. Subtract one date from another, and you will get the number of days between two dates. Also, you can add or subtract an integer from the date, and get the date in the future or the past.

How to create a dependent drop-down list

The drop-down list is a handy feature provided by Excel data validation tools. Drop-down menus limit the possible choices and help to avoid mistakes. However, not so many Excel users know the Source field of the Data Validation dialog is a formula field. Formulas in the Source field should return the list of the values, but they are not necessarily a range or a list of options.