# How to count cells by criteria

**COUNTIF**if you need to sum values for a particular person or other criterion.

To count cells by criteria, do the following:

** 1. ** Select the cell where want Excel to return the number of cell by
criteria.

** 2. ** Do one of the following to open the **Insert Function** dialog
box:

- Select
**Insert -> Function...** - Click the
**Sum**button in the**Standard**toolbar and then select**More Functions...**: - Click the
**Insert Function**button in the left of the edit bar:

** 3. ** In the **Insert Function** dialog box full following fields:

- select
**Statistical**in the**Or select a category**listbox - select
in the**COUNTIF****Select a function**list

Then press **OK**.

** 4. ** In the **Function Arguments** dialog box, fill following fields:

- The
**Range**field determines the range of cells Excel will look to perform the count in. In this example the cell range is.**D2:D20** - The
**Criteria**is a conditional statement that is similar to the conditional statement in thestatement.**IF**

** 5. ** Press **OK**.

* Note:* You can enter this formula using keyboard, for this example:

**= COUNTIF (D2:D20, ">100")**

If you want to use ** COUNTIF** on a selection of cells (not necessarily one solid range),
summing multiple

**s:**

*COUNTIF*
**= SUM (COUNTIF (D3, ">100"), COUNTIF (D7, ">100"), COUNTIF (D14, ">100"), COUNTIF (D17, ">100"))**

**Note:**

- You can use the wildcard characters, question mark (?) and asterisk (*), in criteria. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
- Microsoft Excel provides additional functions that can be used to analyze your data based on a
condition.
- To calculate a sum based on a string of text or a number within a range, use the
worksheet function (see How to sum cells by criteria for more details).*SUMIF* - To have a formula return one of two values based on a condition, such as a sales bonus based
on a specified sales amount, use the
worksheet function.**IF** - To count cells that are empty or not empty, use the
and**COUNTA**functions.**COUNTBLANK**

- To calculate a sum based on a string of text or a number within a range, use the