How to create Waterfall chart

Excel
The waterfall chart is normally used for understanding how an initial value is affected by a series of intermediate positive or negative values. Usually the initial and the final values are represented by whole columns, while the intermediate values are denoted by floating columns.

To create a simple waterfall chart, do the following:

1.   Add three columns with "Y empty" data, "Y plus" data and "Y minus" data (you can add a column for empty data and a new column with independent data for every unique color in you waterfall chart), where:

C: = IF (B5 > B4, B4, B5), D: = IF (B5 > B4, B5 - B4, 0), and E: = IF (B5 > B4, 0, B4 - B5)

2.   Add rows with empty "Y" data, if necessary (in this example 5, 7, 8, 11, 13, 14 and 16) and then add two columns for continuous line (see in step 7).

3.   Select the data range (in this example C4:E17).

4.   On the Insert tab, in the Charts group, choose the Column button:

Choose Stacked Column. Remove the legend.

5.   Right-click in the any of first series column and choose Format Data Series...:

6.   In the Format Data Series dialog box, on the Fill tab, select No fill option and then click OK:

You can then make any other adjustments to get the look you desire.

7.   To add the continuous line, do the following:

1. Right-click in the chart area and choose Select Data... in the popup menu:
2. In the Select Data Source dialog box, click the Add button:
3. In the Edit Series dialog box, choose the line points (in this example G4:G17):
4. Right-click in the chart area and choose Change Series Chart Type... in the popup menu:
5. In the Change Series Chart Type dialog box, choose Scatter with Straight Lines.
6. Edit data source for add "X" points (repeat steps 1-3, only in step 2 click the Edit button):
7. Format this line.