How to sum cells by criteria

Use SUMIF if you need to sum values for a particular person or other criterion.

To sum cells by criteria, do the following:

    1.    Select the cell that will contain the result.

SUMIF example Excel 2016

    2.    Do one of the following:

  • On the Formula tab, in the Function Library group, select the Math & Trig button:
    Formula Excel 2016

    Choose SUMIF in the list.

  • Click the Insert Function button Insert Function button in the left of the edit bar:
    Edit bar Excel 2016

    In the Insert Function dialog box:

    Insert Function Excel 2016
    • select Math & Trig in the Or select a category listbox
    • select SUMIF in the Select a function list

    3.    In the Function Arguments dialog box, fill following fields:

  • The Range field determines the range of cells Excel will look to perform the count in. In this example the cell range is B2:B21.
  • The Criteria is a conditional statement that is similar to the conditional statement in the IF statement.
  • The Sum_range field tells Excel which cells to add when the criteria is met for each cell in the range. In this example the cell range is D2:D21

    4.    Press OK.


  • You can enter this formula using keyboard, for this example:
  • You can use the wildcard characters, question mark (?) and asterisk (*), in criteria. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character. For example:
    Mark example Excel 2016
  • Microsoft Excel provides additional functions that can be used to analyse your data based on a condition or criteria:
    • To count the number of occurrences of a string of text or a number within a range of cells, use the COUNTIF function (see How to count cells by criteria for more details).
    • To have a formula return one of two values based on a condition, use the IF function.
    • To analyse data in a list based on criteria, such as profit margins or product types, use the database and list management functions (DCOUNT, DCOUNTA, DSUM etc.).